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  1. #1

    Padrão load balance na versao 3.xx

    Load Balancing com Mikrotik 3.x
    load balance temos 5 links aqui e uma interface de saida
    o que precisamos 5 conexoes com a internet
    6 placas de redes sendo q 5 entra e uma sai.

    então, vamos começar, vou usar 5 conexão aqui.


    adcionando os ips para as placas de redes com os link da internet logico que o moden deve esta configurado de acordo. com sua faixa de ips..
    IP Address

    / ip address add address=192.168.0.1/24 network=192.168.0.0 broadcast=192.168.0.255 interface=Local comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.111.0.2/30 network=10.111.0.0 broadcast=10.111.0.3 interface=uplink1 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.112.0.2/30 network=10.112.0.0 broadcast=10.112.0.3 interface=Uplink2 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.113.0.2/30 network=10.113.0.0 broadcast=10.113.0.3 interface=Uplink3 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.114.0.2/30 network=10.114.0.0 broadcast=10.114.0.3 interface=Uplink4 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.115.0.2/30 network=10.115.0.0 broadcast=10.115.0.3 interface=Uplink5 comment="" disabled=no

    ip firewal mangle configuraçao

    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-state=new nth=5,1 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=conn1 passthrough=yes

    comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-mark=conn1 action=mark-routing new-routing-mark=conn1 passthrough=no comment=""

    disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-state=new nth=4,1 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=conn2 passthrough=yes

    comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-mark=conn2 action=mark-routing new-routing-mark=conn2 passthrough=no comment=""

    disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-state=new nth=3,1 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=conn3 passthrough=yes

    comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-mark=conn3 action=mark-routing new-routing-mark=conn3 passthrough=no comment=""

    disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-state=new nth=2,1 action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=conn4 passthrough=yes

    comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-mark=conn4 action=mark-routing new-routing-mark=conn4 passthrough=no comment=""

    disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-state=new action=mark-connection new-connection-mark=conn5 passthrough=yes comment=""

    disabled=no
    / ip firewall mangle add chain=prerouting in-interface=Local connection-mark=conn5 action=mark-routing new-routing-mark=conn5 passthrough=no comment=""

    disabled=no

    ip firewall nat aqui criaremos as nats.. mascarada para os 5 links passar para o cliente

    / ip firewall nat add chain=srcnat connection-mark=conn1 action=masquerade out-interface=Uplink1 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall nat add chain=srcnat connection-mark=conn2 action=masquerade out-interface=Uplink2 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall nat add chain=srcnat connection-mark=conn3 action=masquerade out-interface=Uplink3 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall nat add chain=srcnat connection-mark=conn4 action=masquerade out-interface=Uplink4 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip firewall nat add chain=srcnat connection-mark=conn5 action=masquerade out-interface=Uplink5 comment="" disabled=no

    Route

    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=10.111.0.1 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn1 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=10.112.0.1 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn2 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=10.113.0.1 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn3 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=10.114.0.1 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn4 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=10.115.0.1 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn5 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=10.111.0.1 scope=255 target-scope=10 comment="" disabled=no

    Explicação

    Primeiro vamos dar o código e, em seguida, explicar o que ele realmente faz.

    Endereço IP e Mangle

    / ip address add address=192.168.0.1/24 network=192.168.0.0 broadcast=192.168.0.255 interface=Local comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.111.0.2/30 network=10.111.0.0 broadcast=10.111.0.3 interface=Uplink1 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.112.0.2/30 network=10.112.0.0 broadcast=10.112.0.3 interface=Uplink2 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.113.0.2/30 network=10.113.0.0 broadcast=10.113.0.3 interface=Uplink3 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.114.0.2/30 network=10.114.0.0 broadcast=10.114.0.3 interface=Uplink4 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip address add address=10.115.0.2/30 network=10.115.0.0 broadcast=10.115.0.3 interface=Uplink5 comment="" disabled=no

    O roteador tem 5 upstream (WAN) interface com os endereços dos 10.111.0.2/30; 10.112.0.2/24; 10.113.0.2/30; 10.114.0.2/24 e 10.115.0.2/30. A LAN

    interface tem o nome de "local" eo endereço IP 192.168.0.1/24.

    Para o ip firewall mangle, 5 conexão uplink necessidade de conexão e 5 marcação de roteamento.
    Mangle 1 : nth : 5,1
    Mangle 2 : nth : 4,1
    Mangle 3 : nth : 3,1
    Mangle 4 : nth : 2,1
    Mangle 5 : No nth
    Aqui a explicação:
    Mangle 1: Leia todo o tráfego e combinar 1 / 5 do tráfego
    Mangle 2: Leia 4 / 5 de tráfego e combinar 1 / 4 do que o tráfego (1 / 5 do tráfego total)
    Mangle 3: Leia 3 / 4 de 4 / 5 tráfego acima (ou 3 / 5 do tráfego total) e combinar 1 / 2 acima do tráfego (1 / 5 do tráfego total)
    Mangle 4: Leia 2 / 3 de 3 / 5 tráfego total (ou 2 / 5 do tráfego total) e combinar 1 / 2 acima do tráfego (1 / 5 do tráfego total)
    Mengle 5: Leia o resto do tráfego (1 / 5 do tráfego total)

    É isso. Agora você pode tentar a sua definição.

    =================================================


    Além de utilizar a rota que o anterior, você também pode usar as regras como esta:

    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=Uplink1 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn1 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=Uplink2 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn2 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=Uplink3 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn3 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=Uplink4 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn4 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=Uplink5 scope=255 target-scope=10 routing-mark=conn5 comment="" disabled=no
    / ip route add dst-address=0.0.0.0/0 gateway=Uplink1 scope=255 target-scope=10 comment="" disabled=no

  2. #2

    Padrão

    Boa tarde Buut!
    Otimo post sobre o loadbalance com 5 link, testei na minha rb1000 funfow file, os moudem chega parecia q ia pega fooogoooo kabare.........
    valew, continue assim ajudando o mundo infinito da programacao....



  3. #3

    Padrão Re: load balance na versao 3.xx

    COLEGA COMO EU FARIA PRA MARCAR E VEZ DE CONEXÇÕES , MARCAR PACOTES USANDO ESTE SEU ESQUEMA? TENHO 2 ADSL DE8 MB E 1 DE2 MB E QUERIA MARCAR PACOTES NAS ADSL DE 8 MBS E DEIXAR A DE 2 MB PRA MSN E BANCOS ASSIM QUANDO EU CARREGASSE AS PAGINAS ELAS CARREGARIAM PARTES DOS PACOTES POR 1 LINK DE 8 MB E A OUTRA PARTE DOS PACOTES PELO OUTRO LINK DE8 MB, TEM COMO?